Installing a septic tank and leach field is often a requirement when you build a new home that is off the city sewer system. This system will have to serve you well for decades, so it's important to make sure it's done right. The following are some septic installation mistakes to avoid so you don't have problems down the road.
#1: Failing to keep the future in mind
When it comes to your septic tank, size matters. Tanks are often sized to the amount of bathrooms in a house, but you may want to instead consider the amount of people that will be using the system. For example, if you plan to grow your family in the future, you will need a larger tank. Or, if you entertain or have company over a lot, a larger tank is a better option than a smaller one. You can realistically go smaller with the tank even with a lot of use, but you will need to consider that the smaller tank may require more frequent pumping and cleaning than one that is sized appropriately to your expected usage.
#2: Overlooking site placement
The leach field is a vital component to the septic system, but it does limit the use of your property in that area. Leach fields cannot have any structures placed upon them, nor can your drive on them. You are also limited in landscaping as you can't plant anything with deep roots or any edible plants. Leach fields are also typically placed downslope from the tank to aid in drainage but not near the water well. Placement of the field can affect everything from where to place the septic tank and well, to how to to site your home on the property. Make sure you carefully consider the location before having the system installed.
#3: Skipping the soil test
Some municipalities require a soil test before septic installation, but not all. If yours does not, you should still consider having one done before you have the system installed. A test of soil conditions can help your installer narrow down which types of septic systems are best for your home, since some work better in specific soil conditions. A soil test can also help with determining the best site for the leach field, since you want to avoid locations with heavy clay soil where water can't percolate through well.
For more help, contact a septic tank installer in your area.